Introduction to 3/4 time


Most popular music that we listen to on charts such as the Billboard Hot 100 and Hot Country Songs consist of "four on the floor" 4/4 time. While this is the most common time signatures in the Western music tradition, 3/4 follows closely behind in prevalence. 

  
3/4 time 

  
3/4 is a simple time signature that represents and consists of three quarter notes. 
  
Ex. 1 
  

  
Its basic feel is comprised of a stressed beat on beat one, as in a waltz.  
  
Clap and/or sing on a fixed pitch the following rhythms to get accustomed to 3/4 time. 
  
Ex. 2 - 5
(♩= 80)





When you become comfortable performing these rhythms in 3/4, revisit them again with the addition of the 3/4 conducting pattern shown in Ex. 1.13. Begin with your hand positioned in front of your face, and swipe down for beat one. Glide your hand to the right for beat two, and then move it diagonally upward to your starting position for beat three. 
  
Conducting while singing all exercises is a great way to solidify your sense of time, accurately execute each rhythm, and keep your place in the piece of music. 

  
Ex. 6 
  
The following practice exercises will include aspects of everything you have learned so far in your sight singing studies, applied to this unit’s focal point: 3/4 time.  
They will be diatonic examples including I-IV-V-! progressions and relative pitch interval practice. These practice exercises will also focus on ascending and descending intervals of thirds and seconds. 
  
Take a moment to fill out the numbers of each note, if needed. 
  
Remember: Always practice with a metronome to reinforce and strengthen your rock-solid sense of rhythm. 

Ex. 7 - 14
(♩= 80)

Ex. 15 - 22
(♩= 90)



 
  
  
  
  

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